How To Avoid Tooth Decay In 3 to 6 Year Old Kids?

Baby teeth are the primary teeth which start erupting from the gums between the age of six months and three years. Although these are not permanent teeth, they require utmost care to ensure optimum oral health in kids and toddlers.

It is essential to inculcate healthy dental habits at a young age to avoid cavities and prepare your kids for a lifetime of healthy smiles. Also, baby teeth are susceptible to cavities because kids love to eat chocolates and other sugary foods.

Therefore most Hope Island dentists offer detailed guidelines to prevent dental problems in 3-6 year-olds. Here is a summary of the dental care routine that must be followed by the little ones to keep tooth decay at bay.

 Ways to Avoid Tooth Decay in Kids

By the time your little bundle of joy turns three, they have their 20 primary teeth in place. At this stage, they must be aware of brushing and must be informed about the importance of dental health.

Here is what the parents can do to make sure the kids don’t get painful cavities.

Brushing Twice A Day

Brushing twice a day should become a habit from the start. Get a soft-bristled baby toothbrush for your child and use fluoridated toothpaste to brush their teeth. The amount of toothpaste should not be more than the size of a small pea. The kids should be supervised by an adult until they learn to spit and rinse.

You must make sure that they have cleaned all the teeth perfectly. Usually, you must supervise them until they are seven or eight years old. You can encourage your kid by making them follow you or an older sibling and make sure they are not swallowing the toothpaste.

Use The Right Technique

You must make the child stand in front of the mirror so that they can view the process and learn. Make them lean on you and ask them to open their mouth wide and start brushing their teeth in a circular motion.

Move the toothbrush back and forth over the molars and clean both sides without putting too much pressure. Teach them to spit the toothpaste and avoid any swallowing.

Flossing Regularly

Start flossing when you witness that your child’s teeth are touching each other. It usually happens between the age of 2 and 3. You must consult your dentist before you begin the process and must be performed by an adult until the child reaches the age of 8.

It is vital because the brush cannot reach the gaps between the teeth. It helps in removing food debris and particles. Use plastic floss and ask your dentist about the right technique.

Nutritious Diet

Healthy development of teeth requires the consumption of a wholesome diet which includes all the essential minerals and vitamins. Thus their diet must have generous amounts of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

Staying Away From Junk Food

Sugar-coated foods, candies, chocolates and processed foods like white bread and pasta can get stuck on the teeth and lead to cavities and gum problems. So keep their consumption restricted.

Avoid Baby Bottle Decay

Some children consume formula in baby bottles until the age of 4. If your child is among them, then you must make sure that you do not put them to sleep with the bottle in the mouth. Do not give sugary liquids in the bottle or sippy cups to the kids as the sugar can get clung to the teeth and cause cavities.

Reduce Consumption of Juices

Although juices are healthy drinks, they should not be consumed in large quantities. Even 100% fruit juices have a generous amount of sugar which can cause tooth decay.

Packed juices and flavoured milk have added sugar which can lead to obesity and dental problems in children. So stick to plain water for quenching thirst and keep juices only for fun-time.                                                                                                                           

Discard Pacifiers After Three Years

While pacifiers are helpful in soothing cranky infants, they should not be used beyond three years of age. Prolonged use of pacifiers can affect the alignment of teeth and can affect the shape of the mouth.

If the child is refusing to give up the pacifier, then give him something to chew. A carrot or celery stick can do the trick. Similarly, sucking from sippy cups should not become a day-long activity for children as it can affect the health of the front teeth.

Visiting A Dentist

You must self-examine your kid’s teeth regularly to check for any bacterial growth or cavities. Besides self-checking, you must book appointments with your dentist as soon as the child turns two. The practitioner can spot decay at an early stage and avoid all the pain and damaging impact of cavities.


Permanent teeth usually start appearing at the age of six. To keep their molars safe from cavities, some parents opt for sealants. These are protective plastic coverings which do not allow food particles to get stuck in the teeth and keep bacterial growth at bay. You can discuss the treatment with your dentist.


The primary teeth of your 3-6 year-olds are as precious as their permanent teeth. So make sure you follow all the tips mentioned above to teach them good oral habits and visit a dentist in Hope Island regularly to identify any signs of decay.